Definitions in Kathak


There are many basic definitions in Kathak that we need to know so that we can understand what we are performing. If I begin with teentaal then there are terms like taali, khali, vibhag ,chanda, and matra.....every taal has thaat, salami,amad ,tukda, toda, Paran,chakradar toda, chakradar Paran,Kavitta ,tehai and tatkar.

To start with first let's know the basic definitions that we are gonna come across many times ....

Taali: Taali means clapping. When we say a bol we start with a clap and then use our fingers to represent the matras that have names....I'll tell you these bols which I am talking about....if you have ever heard of - tigdha dig dig...or maybe -ta thei thei tat then these are the bols that we represent on our hands and taali is a part of it.....

Taali( clap)

Using fingers to represent matras on the palm of our hand.

Using fingers to represent matras on the palm of our hand.

Khali: When we say a bol for example,salami on our hands, then we already know the use of our fingers and taali,khali is the wave of our hand. When we start saying the bol on our fingers rather than pressing them on your palm it's called khali. Hope the picture below helps to understand...

Khaali( representing matras with fingers on the lines of our hands)

Matra: Matra is the syllable or syllables that every bol has.... Like teentaal had 16 matras which means a total of 16 syllables..... Here's the bol of teentaal-

Dha dhin dhin dha / dha dhin dhin dha/
+                                  2
Naa tin tin na / tete dhin dhin dha
0                            3

The +,2,0 and 3 that you can see are nothing but signs that represent the taali and khali of a bol which I have  already explained in the post....+ shows the starting, 2 is the second taali, 3 is the third taali and 0 which lies between them is a khaali.... the last + sign represent Sam (som) that I have described further in the post...

Vibhag: Each bol or taal has a fixed number of syllabes or matra...these matra(s) are divided in different sections when we say them on our hands... These sections could be taali(s) or khali (s) with different or equal number of matras like teentaal has a total of 16 matras and 4 vibhags each having 4 has 3 taali and one these sections or divisions are vibhags

Chanda: Chanda is the number of matras in each vibhag for example teentaal has 4 vibhags and it's chanda is 4/4/4/4 which means that each vibhag has 4 matras.....when the vibhags of a taal has equal number of matras then it is called samapadi chanda (hard to pronounce?...I understand) but if it has unequal number of matras then it's called asamapadi chanda....jhaptaal is an common example of asamapadi chanda as the vibhags have unequal number of matras (2/3/2/3)....

Sam: Sam ( pronounced as som more commonly) is the last taali of a bol and represent the end of the bol... This taali is not counted if we have to say the number of taali in a taal for example in teental there are three taali ,the first one, the second one and the third one but not the last one ( dha)......

The last clap( Som)

Alright guys..that's it for today's post....hope you enjoyed reading it....and also gained some information about Kathak...I am gonna come up with more such definitions that you need to know in Kathak.... Don't forget to subscribe, follow, like and comment and adjust view my other posts

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