To start with first let's know the basic definitions that we are gonna come across many times ....
Matra: Matra is the syllable or syllables that every bol has.... Like teentaal had 16 matras which means a total of 16 syllables..... Here's the bol of teentaal-
Dha dhin dhin dha / dha dhin dhin dha/
Naa tin tin na / tete dhin dhin dha
The +,2,0 and 3 that you can see are nothing but signs that represent the taali and khali of a bol which I have already explained in the post....+ shows the starting, 2 is the second taali, 3 is the third taali and 0 which lies between them is a khaali.... the last + sign represent Sam (som) that I have described further in the post...
Vibhag: Each bol or taal has a fixed number of syllabes or matra...these matra(s) are divided in different sections when we say them on our hands... These sections could be taali(s) or khali (s) with different or equal number of matras like teentaal has a total of 16 matras and 4 vibhags each having 4 matras....it has 3 taali and one khali....so these sections or divisions are vibhags
Chanda: Chanda is the number of matras in each vibhag for example teentaal has 4 vibhags and it's chanda is 4/4/4/4 which means that each vibhag has 4 matras.....when the vibhags of a taal has equal number of matras then it is called samapadi chanda (hard to pronounce?...I understand) but if it has unequal number of matras then it's called asamapadi chanda....jhaptaal is an common example of asamapadi chanda as the vibhags have unequal number of matras (2/3/2/3)....
Sam: Sam ( pronounced as som more commonly) is the last taali of a bol and represent the end of the bol... This taali is not counted if we have to say the number of taali in a taal for example in teental there are three taali ,the first one, the second one and the third one but not the last one ( dha)......
|The last clap( Som)|
Alright guys..that's it for today's post....hope you enjoyed reading it....and also gained some information about Kathak...I am gonna come up with more such definitions that you need to know in Kathak.... Don't forget to subscribe, follow, like and comment and adjust view my other posts